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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE

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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2011 December;170(6):449-55

language: English

Contrast enhanced computed tomography and 18-fluorine-labelled 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography correlation in the management of a patient with primary mediastinal seminoma and candidate to liver transplant

Niccoli Asabella A., Altini C., Notaristefano A., Iuele F., Rubini G.

Nuclear Medicine Unit, Di.M.I.M.P., University of Bari, Bari, Italy


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We report a case of a 34 years old man with primary mediastinal seminoma, discovered after investigations for worsening dyspnea. A peculiarity of this patient is the coexistence of other diseases that mutually influence each other as congenital liver shunts, thrombosis of the vena cava, right chronic heart failure and thyroid goiter. Immediately after the diagnosis of the seminoma he underwent 4 cycles of chemotherapy (CHT) with Cisplatin, Etoposide and Bleomycin (BEP), according to the standard scheme. In this case (18FDG-PET/CT), assessing the biological behaviour of the disease, has proved an essential adjunct in the clinical management of this patient. 18FDG-PET/CT has avoided that the patient performed others contrast enhancement computed tomography (CE-CT) that could further damage the kidneys and interfere with the thyroid function and the thrombogenesis. Furthermore 18FDG-PET/CT, excluding the seminoma recurrence or spread disease, allowed to choose the right therapeutic treatment and to place the patient on the transplant waiting list because of the presence of liver shunts. An assessment as accurate as possible, of remission after treatment has an important role for decision making to stop treatment or to initiate further one. 18FDG-PET/CT is actually the best predictor of active seminoma in postchemotherapy residual lesions.

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