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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2011 February;170(1):41-5
Body weight disorders among female primary school teachers in Makurdi, Nigeria
Goon D. T. 1, Toriola A. L. 1, Musa D. I. 2
1 Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, Africa
2 Department of Physical and Health Education Unit, Human Performance Laboratory, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Aim. Body weight has long been acknowledged to be a determinant of health and disease. Both overweight and underweight are detrimental to health. However, there is dearth of information on weight disorders in female adults in Makurdi, Nigeria. We examine the current prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight among female teachers in Makurdi, Nigeria.
Methods. Cross-sectional data obtained from a random sample of 403 females teachers aged 20-55 years were analyzed. Anthropometric measurements of body mass and stature were measured on the women. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥30 kg m-2 while overweight was defined as BMI ≥25 but ≤30; and underweight was defined as BMI ≤18.5 kg m-2. Results were analyzed using student t-test and Chi-squared statistics, with the probability level set at ≤0.05.
Results. Overall, 293 (72.7%) of the participants had body weight abnormalities. One hundred and forty-six (36.2%) of the women were obese, 115 (28.5%) overweight while 32 (8%) were underweight.
Conclusion. The levels of obesity, overweight and underweight observed in our sample appears to be quite higher compared to those reported in other African studies. Both over-nutrition and under-nutrition are observable among women in Makurdi, Nigeria with the former being more prevalent. Intervention strategies are needed to reduce the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the women.