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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE

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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2010 October;169(5):243-54

Copyright © 2010 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

The disability in the hysthory

Fioranelli M., Roccia M. G., Piccoli M.

1 Storia della Medicina, Università Guglielmo Marconi, Roma, Italia 2 Policlinico Di Liegro, Roma, Italia


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The very first moments of life are extremely delicate for all ancient Romans. By law that baby is not yet completely “born” but is so only when the father takes it in his arms and lifts it up to the sky. The baby that is not lifted by the father can be “exposed”, that is to say abandoned or killed.
In the Christian Middle Ages the birth of a deformed child is an attack on naturè s perfect order, a divine punishment and an unmistakable expression of God’s rage. The inheritance first and second world war was 15 million dead, 8 million invalids, mutilated and blind. This dreadful and unprecedented tragedy has the disconcerting power of dragging an enormous number of people down into the infernal circles of the handicapped (physical, mental and sensory). Despite being stigmatized, the war veterans gradually begin to be looked after. Lebensunwerten Leben: life unworthy of life; life that does not deserve to be lived. Gnadentod: death by grace or mercy killing. One of the most horrific events of the 20th century rotates around these two expressions. On May 3, 2008 the United Nations Convention for the rights of disabled persons comes into effect. It strongly reaffirms those fundamental rights and freedoms that mean full social, political and economic participation by all people with disabilities (men and women) in all countries they were born and live in.

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