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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2009 February;168(1):31-6
Anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of Brazilian elite fencers
Borba C. T., Nicastro H., Viebig R. F.
Nutrition Department University Center Sao Camilo, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
Aim. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and determine the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of Brazilian elite fencers by anthropometry. Methods. Anthropometric and training volume data were obtained from 15 Brazilian elite fencers (8 males and 7 females). Measurements included weight, height, skinfold thickness, girths and breadths; from these measures body mass index, percent body fat, percent lean mass, waist-to-hip ratio and somatotype were estimated. Results were compared between genders by means of t test.
Results. The mean (SD) age observed for male and female fencers was 11.9 ± 4.3 y and 14.7 ± 9.3 y, respectively. No significant differences were found for abdominal, supraspinale, suprailiac, triceps, biceps and chest skinfolds, hip and tight girths, humeral and femoral breadths, sum of five and nine skinfolds and somatotype. Significant differences were found for height, body mass index, axillary skinfold, tight skinfold, forearm girth (p<0.05), weight, calf skinfold, wrist girth, relaxed upper arm girth, waist girth, waist-to-hip ratio, (p<0.01) and tensed up arm girth (p<0.001). Female fencers has a higher percent body fat and less percent lean mass than male fencers (p<0.01). Somatotype did not differ between genders and was ranked as endomesomorphic.
Conclusion. Brazilian elite fencers differ in some respects in anthropometric characteristics according to gender. The variables corresponding with training volume possibly influence to changes in body compartments.