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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2008 August;167(4):147-52
Comparison of Nutritional Intake between Volleyball and Basketball Women Athletes of the Olympic National Teams
Papadopoulou S. D. 1, Papadopoulou S. K. 2,Vamva-koudis E. 1, Tsitskaris G. 1
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece
2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Technological Educational Institution of Thessaloniki, Greece
Aim. The purpose of this study was to record nutritional intake of elite athletes-members of the Greek Women’s Olympic National Volleyball and Basketball Teams and identify differences in nutritional intake between the two sports.
Methods. Fourteen volleyball (VB) and sixteen basketball (BB) athletes, of mean age 25.50±3.16 years and 27.31±3.38 years respectively, participated in the study. The food intake analysis was accomplished using the “Food Processor” nutrition program.
Results. Female VB athletes had significantly lower energy intake than female BB athletes, 1167±130Kcal and 1344±250Kcal respectively (p<.0.05). Regarding macronutrient intake, VB athletes consumed 1.89±0.48g cho/Kg BW, which was significantly less compared to BB athletes who presented a value of 2.51±0.86g cho/Kg BW (p<.0.05). There was no significant difference between VB and BB athletes in protein (0.87±0.19 g/Kg BW and 0.83±0.17 g/Kg BW respectively) or fat intake (31.94±5.87% EI and 31.25±7.27% EI respectively) (p>0.05). With regard to micronutrient intake, BB athletes showed significantly higher intake concerning vitamins A, B1, B2, C, folic and pantothenic acid (p<0.05). The mean intake values of VB athletes did not meet the RDA recommended values for vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D, E, biotin, folic and pantothenic acid, and the minerals Ca, Fe, Mn, Se and Zn. As for BB athletes, they did not meet the RDA values regarding vitamins D, E, biotin, folic and pantothenic acid, and the minerals Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn and Se.
Conclusion. In conclusion, both Olympic Na-tional Women’s Teams had energy and nutrient intake that prohibited them from maintaining a maximum athletic performance.