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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE

A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology


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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2004 June;163(3):89-92

language: English

The meth­o­dol­o­gy of bio­med­i­cal ­research. Sci­en­tif­ic dis­course. ­Part 1: 5 inter­rog­a­tives

Camaiora L. 1, Conti A. A. 2

1 Depart­ment of Lin­guis­tic Sci­enc­es and For­eign Lit­er­a­tures, Cath­o­lic Uni­ver­sity of the ­Sacred ­Heart, ­Milan, Ita­ly;
2 Depart­ment of Crit­i­cal and Sur­gi­cal ­Health ­Care Uni­ver­sity of Flor­ence, Flor­ence, Ita­ly and “Don Car­lo Gnoc­chi” Foun­da­tion, IRCCS “S. ­Maria ­agli Uli­vi”, Poz­zol­ati­co, Flor­ence, Ita­ly


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Eng­lish sci­en­tif­ic dis­course is exam­ined, and the con­ti­nu­ity of the Eng­lish tra­di­tion of ­this ­type of writ­ing is ­stressed to under­line the dif­fer­ence ­between Eng­lish and Ital­ian ­prose and the ­fact ­that Ital­ian sci­en­tif­ic writ­ers ­must real­ize ­that ­their ­native and spon­ta­ne­ous ­prose pat­terns are dif­fer­ent ­from ­those of Eng­lish ­prose. It is point­ed out ­that the param­e­ters of the Roy­al Soci­ety, ­back in the 17th cen­tu­ry, ­became ­those not ­only of Eng­lish sci­en­tif­ic writ­ing but ­also of Eng­lish lit­er­ary ­style, so ­that mod­ern Eng­lish has inher­it­ed a tra­di­tion of ­prose ­that ren­ders it par­tic­u­lar­ly suit­able for sci­en­tif­ic dis­course. ­With ­these prem­is­es in ­mind, Eng­lish sci­en­tif­ic dis­course is exam­ined and the 5 ques­tions ­that ­help deter­mine its struc­ture and con­tents are pro­posed: 1) ­What read­er? 2) ­What infor­ma­tion? 3) ­What ­sequence? 4) ­What reg­is­ter? 5) ­What reac­tion?

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