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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2002 April;161(2):47-51
Study of factors contributing to the regulation of arterial blood pressure in hypertensive patients
Sklirosi E. 1, 2, Sotiropoulos A. 2, Giannakaki G. 1, Ktoroui I. 1, Papaioannou I. 1
1 Centro Sanitario di Nemea;
2 Dipartimento di Medicina Sociale, Università degli Studi di Creta, Creta
Background. The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors which contribute to the non-regulation of the arterial blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Methods. At the health Center of Nemea 151 under medical treatment patients for primary hypertension, have been studied. For all the patients who participated in this study a special card of registration with demographic data, anthropometric data and personal medical history was filled. The statistical analysis of those data was based on the statistical model of Pearson’s χ2 and One way ANOVA. A multifactor analysis has been done by the statistical model of Linear Regression Analysis.
Results. The patients studied were 92 males and 59 females; mean age was 68.01 years. Statistical difference between men and women age was not significant. The average Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) was 144.65±18.61 mmHg, and the average Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) was 81.89±9.7 mmHg. The statistical difference between average systolic blood pressure and average diastolic blood pressure between men and women, was not significant. The BMI (Body Mass Index) of the sample was 27.3±3.5 Kg/m2, and any significant statistical difference between men and women was found 71 patients (44 men and 27 women), had high levels of systolic blood pressure. There was no significant statistical difference between the two sexes. The average SBP was 159±14.81 mmHg, and the average DBP was 86.2±9.57 mmHg. The average age was 69.42±10.01 years, and the average BMI was 26.97±3.65 Kg/m2. According to the statistical model of Linear Regression Analysis, the level of SBP in hypertensive patients is positively related to the consumption of alcohol (β=0.215; p=0.008), while the level of DBP is negatively related with age (β=–0.227; p=0.005).
Conclusions. Reduction of alcohol consumption is very important for hypertensive patients because it helps to regulate better the blood pressure and therefore contributes to reduce the death-rate.