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Aglietti A. 1, Persichetti R. 2, Cristina G. 3
1 Aeronautica Militare;
2 Ospedale San Camillo - Roma, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze;
3 Università degli Studi di Roma, «La Sapienza» - Roma
Background. Since the year 1990, a telephone emergency line (number 118) has been made available in many regions of Italy. In the same period many medical centres stared using the helicopter in emergency relief services. The aim was to provide more details on this new rescue service as well as to perfect the existing information.
Methods. A retrospective study has been carried out on the emergency relief activity accomplished to present day by the 15th wing SAR (Search and Rescue) of the Italian Air Force at Ciampino Airport between 1982-1992. The same study was extended to the activity accomplished by “Roma Soccorso” of the San Camillo Hospital (Rome) from 1984-1992. The HH3F helicopter would intervene in case of disasters, natural calamities as well as the search and rescue of people missing or lost; it would also be used for transportation. 694 missions have been accomplished altogether, instead Roma Soccorso would intervene mainly in road accidents or when secondary transportation was needed. Their number of missions add up to 2228.
Results. The following observations can be drawn: 1) more missions were fulfilled by Roma Soccorso most of which were transport missions; 2) the military helicopter HH3F intervened in rescue missions characterised by bad weather, night rescue and search and rescue of people shipwrecked or missing (effected with the aid of winch).
Conclusions. This study highlights the following points: 1) the difference in function of the military helicopter compared to the civilian one; 2) the organisational aspects as well as the means employed by the 15th wing and Roma Soccorso compensate each other; 3) there should be a more accurate differentiation of the emergency relief calls.