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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Frederiksberg Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rigshospitalet
Background. Joint arthroplasty is being used increasingly for the treatment of advanced joint disease. However the incidence of shoulder and elbow replacements operations performed in Denmark has not been previously reported. The incidence of shoulder and elbow replacements was therefore studied in Copenhagen during a 17 year period from 1979 to 1995.
Methods. During a period of 17 years (January 1979-December 1995) all patients operated with a shoulder or elbow replacement at Frederiksberg University Hospital were recorded.
Results. A total of 49 primary shoulder replacements were performed (40 in women and 9 in men). The mean age was 74 years (range 35-91 years). The underlying disease among patients who underwent shoulder arthroplasty was osteoarthritis in 14 cases, rheumatoid arthritis in 2 cases and for fractures and in 33 cases. The overall incidence was 3.3/100000 inhabitants/year. A total of 25 primary elbow replacements were performed (20 in women and 5 in men). The mean age was 75 years (range 46-97 years). The underlying disease among patients who underwent elbow arthroplasty was rheumatoid arthritis in 8 cases and for fractures in 17 cases. The overall incidence was 1.7/100000 inhabitants/year.
Conclusions. The incidence of shoulder and elbow replacements in Copenhagen was somewhat higher than recently reported in Norway and South Africa.