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A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2015 Oct 22
Management of functional, hepatic damage after chemotherapy with Liverubin (pharma-standard silymarin)
Pellegrini L., Belcaro G., Dugall M., Hu S., Gizzi G., Corsi M., Hosoi M., Luzzi R., Feragalli B., Cotellese R.
Irvine3 labs & PAP/PEA Screening Project and the International Irvine Network, Spoltore and San Valentino, Dept Sc Med Or Biotec, G. D’Annunzio University, Ch- Pe, Italy
Mild, temporary hepatic failure (MTHF) after chemotherapy is a common clinical problem; in case of repeated episodes MTHF may cause chronic impairment. This registry has evaluated post- chemotherapy (PC)-MTHF in subjects using Liverubin (standardized Silymarin) for 8 weeks (3 capsules/day). Methods. PC-MTHF was evaluated in a registry study. Hepatitis markers were negative at inclusion and at end-registry. In the final registry there were results concerning 18 Liverubin-supplemented patients and 19 controls completing the 8-week period. Signs/symptoms. The distribution of the most common symptoms and signs with ultrasound scans were comparable. Symptoms were mostly minimal or subclinical. Most symptoms observed at inclusion were completely disappeared or greatly attenuated after 8 weeks. The improvement produced by Liverubin induced a better and faster disappearance of symptoms. The results of the blood tests (at inclusion and at 8 weeks showed the increase in albumin, significantly (P<0.05) faster with the final values higher in the supplement group. Total bilirubin was reduced with the supplement better than in controls (P<0.05). Direct bilirubin values improved more in the supplement (P<0.05) group. The decrease in SGPT and AST-ASAT was more evident with the supplement (P<0.05). Improvement in controls was more limited. Alkaline phosphatase was significantly lower (than in controls) with Liverubin at 8 weeks (p<0.05). Gamma GT also decreased more and faster with the supplement. The ESR (erythrocytes sedimentation rate) was decreased in both groups, more in ￼the Liverubin group (P<0.05). There was a more limited decrease in controls with persisting higher values at 8 weeks. The white cell count was also better at 3 months (with a larger decrease with the supplement; P<0.05). Oxidative stress. Plasma free radicals (PFR) were elevated in both groups at inclusion. A more significant decrease in the supplement group was observed at 8 weeks. Persisting elevation in values was seen in controls (P<0.05). Platelets values improved better with Liverubin (P<0.05). Safety and tolerability were optimal (no side effect was registered). In conclusion, results from this pilot registry indicate a significant activity of Liverubin associated with a very good safety profile, in patients with post-chemotherapy hepatic failure. The recovery of hepatic function is faster and more effective with Liverubin in comparison with the best “standard” management.