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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1642
NEW CONCEPTS AND CURRENT CHALLENGES IN IBD
Kevans D. 1, Van Assche G. 2
1 Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada;
2 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Traditionally therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompassed a sequential approach with subjects treated with 5-ASA products and/or corticosteroids initially, and only where failing such treatment, moving on to immunomodulator or biologic therapy. In the rheumatologic literature the importance of the early introduction of immunosuppressive therapies for inflammatory arthropathies has been increasingly recognized, however this concept remains much debated in IBD with no clear consensus on the optimal therapeutic approach. In this review we discuss how the natural history of IBD provides a rationale for the early introduction of the most effective therapy. We outline how the experience of early immunosuppressive therapy in rheumatoid arthritis informs therapeutic decision making in IBD. We review the evolving treatment strategies in IBD and the current evidence supporting the introduction of immunosuppressive treatment soon after IBD diagnosis. Finally we discuss the importance of selecting appropriate therapeutic endpoints in IBD and review the potential risks and benefits of early immunosuppressive treatment strategies in IBD.