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MINERVA GASTROENTEROLOGICA E DIETOLOGICA

A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics


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  PANCREATIC DISEASES: A CLOSER LOOK


Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2012 December;58(4):347-54

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Immunomodulation in a novel model of experimental chronic pancreatitis

Mayer J. M. 1, Kolodziej S. 1, Jukka Laine V. 2, Kahl S. 3

1 Allgemein- und Visceralchirurgie, Stauferklinikum Schwäbisch Gmünd, Mutlangen, Germany; 2 Department of Pathology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; 3 Klinik für Innere Medizin, Schwerpunkt Gastroenterologie, DRK Kliniken Berlin Köpenik, Berlin, Germany


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Chronic pancreatitis is a disease that involves the lymphocytic inflammation of the pancreatic gland, the destruction and fibrous transformation of the endocrine and ductal structures. An involvement of the immune system in the disease progression is assumed and possibly allows immune modulation as a novel treatment strategy. We used a new model of experimental chronic pancreatitis to examine the effect of immune modulation with the mTOR-inhibitor rapamycin on clinical, chemical and histological parameters of chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatitis was induced by injecting 8 mg/kg bodyweight DBTC intravenously in male Sprague Dawley rats. 24 and 72 hours later, 20 µg/kg bodyweight cerulein was injected intraperitoneally to simulate recurrent attacks of pancreatitis typical for the clinical course. 48 hours after the DBTC injection, rats were randomly allocated to placebo or sirolimus (1.5 mg/kg bw i.p.). The treatment was repeated every 24hours for 5 days. The rats were sacrificed 7, 14, 21 and 35 days after DBTC injection. Histologic examination revealed a reduced acute pancreatic damage in the treatment group in the first week and less chronic changes in the further course. ALT and amylase increased in Placebo animals over the observation period and was lower in sirolimus treated animals. Oral glucose tolerance test showed that all placebo animals were diabetic four weeks after DBTC while sirolimus treated animals were normoglycemic. An early, limited treatment with immunomodulatory and antifibrotic agents like sirolimus can positively influence the detrimental course of experimental chronic pancreatitis and may offer a treatment alternative in humans.

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jens.mayer@stauferklinikum.de