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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1642
2011 HELICOBACTER PYLORI
Venerito M., Wex T., Malfertheiner P.
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany
Gastric lesions may arise in gastric mucosa of patients with gastritis or gastropathies due to different etiopathogenic factors. As most lesions of the stomach result from a chronic infection of gastric mucosa with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a possible classification of gastric lesions based on etiology may distinguish H. pylori-related lesions from those arising in a gastric mucosa not colonized from the bacterium. The repertoire of lesions one may find in the stomach is limited and different pathologies may present with a similar macroscopic aspect. Clinically relevant lesions of the stomach that are or are not associated with H. pylori infection include gastric ulcer, gastric atrophy, gastric neoplasia, and metastasis from other cancers. The detection or exclusion of an H. pylori infection in patients with gastric lesions has important consequences for the clinical management. In the present review we focus on H. pylori-related and non-related peptic lesions in the stomach