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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1642
PERIOPERATIVE CARE IN LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
Hanouneh I. A., Zein N. N.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), an important consequence of the global epidemic of obesity, is a common indication of orthotopic liver transplantation in the western world. Currently, NAFLD is the fourth most common indication of liver transplantation in the United Stated with prediction for increase demand of liver transplantation for NAFLD cirrhosis in the next two decades to exceed that of liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Given the advances in the efficacy and tolerability of immunosuppressive agents which have reduced the incidence of chronic rejection, long-term survival rates after liver transplantation have remarkably improved. Today, long-term graft loss and death after liver transplantation are commonly related to age-related complications, such as cardiovascular disease. Features of metabolic syndrome including obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia are very prevalent and almost universal after liver transplantation. These metabolic derangements are intricately associated with cardiovascular events and have emerged as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. In addition, the international epidemic of obesity has negatively impacted the liver transplant candidacy. Because obesity is associated with poor postoperative outcome, many transplant centers decline liver transplantation for morbidly obese individuals above certain level of body mass index.