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MINERVA GASTROENTEROLOGICA E DIETOLOGICA
A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
REVIEWS AN UPDATE ON EUS IN 2008
Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2008 June;54(2):209-17
Treatment regimens for patients with chronic hepatitis C
Trapero-Marugan M., González-Moreno L., Chaparro-Sánchez M., Moreno-Monteagudo J. A., Borque M. J., Moreno-Otero R.
Digestive Diseases Department and CIBEREHD Hospital Universitario de La Princesa Madrid, Spain
Infection by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem, with more than 170 million people infected throughout the world. The infection prevalence, with small regional differences, is estimated in 1-3% of the global population. HCV is the most frequent cause of chronic liver disease and 20-30% of patients develop cirrhosis with a risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Nowadays, pegylated interferon-a (PEG-IFN) in combination with ribavirin, a nucleoside analogue, is the current treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with less adverse effects and better compliance. Dosage and duration depend on some factors as weight, genotype, viral load and a rapid virological response presented by the patient. One of the most relevant aspects in the treatment of CHC is how to manage the group of non-responder or relapser patients to previous treatments. As such, a substantial proportion of patients had already been unsuccessfully treated with interferon-based therapies and these patients claim for an optimal therapeutic option. The future treatment of CHC walk along through the association of two or three drugs, including nucleoside/nucleotide analogues, higher PEG-IFN initial dosages (induction) or longer treatments duration, or combination of helicase and protease inhibitors.