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MINERVA GASTROENTEROLOGICA E DIETOLOGICA
A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2007 September;53(3):225-30
Pancreatic stent prophylaxis of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis: spontaneous migration rates and clinical outcomes
Chahal P., Baron T. H., Petersen B. T., Topazian M. D., Gostout C. J., Levy M. J.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, MN, USA
Aim. Pancreatic duct (PD) stents diminish the risk of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk patients; 3 Fr stents are reported to spontaneously migrate at a significantly higher rate than 5 Fr stents in a cohort of mostly sphincter of Oddi (SOD) patients. We sought to assess spontaneous migration rates of 5 Fr and 7 Fr stents and effectiveness in preventing PEP in a diverse group of high risk patients.
Methods. A total of 4 332 ERCP exams performed between January 2002 and August 2005 were reviewed to identify patients undergoing PD stent placement. Follow-up was obtained from electronic medical records and contact with referring MDs. Plain abdominal radiographs were used to document stent passage.
Results. PD stents for PEP prophylaxis were placed in 246 exams (232 patients) undergoing: PD (major or minor) sphincterotomy (84), ampullectomy (50), SOD (46), bile duct precut (35), papillary stenosis balloon dilation (9) and difficult cannulation (8). Stents placed: 218 5-Fr (140 were 3 cm long and 78 ≥ 5 cm long) and 28 7-Fr (12 were 3 cm long, 16≥ 5cm long). Follow-up was available in 197 (171 5-Fr, 26 7-Fr) of 246 placements (80%). Twenty of 171 5-Fr stents were electively removed via EGD within≤ 24 h per endoscopist preference and were not included in analysis; 128 of the remaining 151 5-Fr stents (85%) spontaneously migrated by (or within) median of 8 days and 23 failed to pass and required EGD removal. Of 26 7-Fr stents one was electively removed ≤ 24 h later; of the remaining 25, 15 (60%) spontaneously migrated by median of 16 days, 10 required EGD removal. The spontaneous migration rate of 5 Fr stents was: 1) significantly higher than 7 Fr stents; 2) significantly higher than the previously reported 67% passage rate of 5 Fr stents; and 3) similar to the previously reported 86% passage rate of 3 Fr stents. PEP occurred in 15% (n=36: 24 mild, 11 moderate, 1 severe).
Conclusion. The spontaneous dislodgement rate of 5 Fr stents in patients where the indication is primarily non-SOD is approximately 85% - significantly higher than previously reported and similar to the reported rate of spontaneous dislodgement of 3 Fr stents in SOD patients; 5 Fr stents migrate spontaneously earlier and more frequently than 7 Fr stents.