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A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics

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Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2003 June;49(2):123-34

language: Italian

Physiopathologic approach in esophageal motor disorders: from the diagnosis to therapeutic implications

Valentini G., Ghittoni G., Spada C., Quondamacarlo C., Ruggeri M., Procaccini T., Guidi M.,Gasbarrini G., Rossi Z.


Motor disorders are an important chapter in esophageal pathology; from a clinical point of view, these disorders are characterised by dysphagia, non-cardiac chest pain, pyrosis and regurgitation. It is important to underline that chest pain and dysphagia are not specific to motility disorders; in fact, they are also present in other pathologies like peptic or infective esophagitis. In order to attribute these symptoms to a functional cause, it is first of all is necessary to exclude an organic pathology; this can be done with the help of radiological and endoscopical examination when the symptoms are dysphagia, pyrosis and regurgitation, or with electtrocardiography or angiography, when the symptom is chest pain. The functional pathology is marines studied by manometric and pH-metric techniques. The manometric technique represents an important instrument for diagnosing esophageal motor disease. The aim of this study, after a review of the literature, is to describe the principal esophageal motor disorders and the physiopathological approach, that have important implications in diagnosis and therapy.

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