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MINERVA GASTROENTEROLOGICA E DIETOLOGICA
A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2002 March;48(1):25-36
Management of overweight and obese patient. New acquisition
Novi R. F., Scalabrino E., Seardo M. A., Alberto G., Trombetta A.
Obesity is a chronic disease and prevalence and incidence are progressively increasing. Treatment of obesity is important to reduce mortality and associated diseases, like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, abnormal blood lipid levels, coronary heart disease, thromboembolic disease, cancer (endometrial, gallbladder, cervical, ovarian, breast, prostate and colorectal), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), gallbladder disease, respiratory disease, arthritis, gout. Most of these pathologies profits by a modest weight loss (5-10%). A correct management of obesity should include integration of therapeutic strategies, that we have actually at disposal: diet, physical training, behaviour therapy, pharmacologic therapy and surgery. We should get together low-calorie and low-fat diet with behaviour change and physical training. Physical training induces a significant weight loss and reduces cardiovascular risks and insulin resistance. Orlistat, that reduces up to 30% lipid adsorption, is a valid remedy if with an adeguate diet. A new drug, sibutramine, shows efficacy: it increases satiety and energy expenditure caused by thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. Surgical approaches including some procedures, are indicated for great obesity (BMI >40).