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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2016 Sep 16

The role of gender, psycho-social factors and anthropological-cultural dimensions on pain in neurorehabilitation. Evidence and recommendations from the Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation

Anna M. ALOISI 1, Vanna BERLINCIONI 2, Riccardo TORTA 3, Rossella E. NAPPI 4, Cristina TASSORELLI 5, Francesco BARALE 2, Valentina IERACI 6, Emanuele M. GIUSTI 7, Giada PIETRABISSA 7, 8, Stefano TAMBURIN 9, Gian M. MANZONI 8, 10, Gianluca CASTELNUOVO 7, 8, on behalf of the Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation

1 Behavioral Neurophysiology Lab. Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; 2 Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 3 Department of Neuroscience "Rita Levi Montalcini", University of Turin, Turin, Italy; 4 Research Center for Reproductive Medicine, Gynecological Endocrinology and Menopause, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 5 Neurorehabilitation Unit, National Neurological Institute C. Mondino, Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 6 Department of Oncology and Neuroscience, University of Turin, City Hospital Health and Science of the City of Turin, Turin, Italy; 7 Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 8 Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Psychology Research Laboratory, San Giuseppe Hospital, Verbania, Italy; 9 Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 10 Department of Psychology, eCampus University, Novedrate, Italy

Pain is frequent in patients undergoing neurorehabilitation, but there is a number of still unanswered questions on this topic. The Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation (ICCPN) was constituted with the purpose to identify the best practices that can be used in this context. In this article we summarize the existing evidence and recommendations provided by the ICCPN about the role of gender, psycho-social factors and anthropological-cultural dimensions on pain in neurorehabilitation. Sex, gender, psycho-social variables, anthropological and cultural features may influence pain expression, and its pharmacological and non-pharmacological outcome, but the role of these factors has not been consistently explored in neurorehabilitation. There is a number of psychological factors that can be correlated or represent a predictor for pain, or may influence the treatment and outcome of neurorehabilitation programs. All these factors should be considered when designing these programs, and future studies should incorporate them as potential covariates that may influence outcome.

language: English


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