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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events
Official Journal of the , , , ,
In association with
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2016 Aug 30
Managing the mantainment of gait stability during dual walking task: effects of age and neurological disorders
Marco TRAMONTANO 1, Giovanni MORONE 1, Andrea CURCIO 1, Giulia TEMPERONI 1, Alessandra MEDICI 1, Daniela MORELLI 1, Carlo CALTAGIRONE 1, 2, Stefano PAOLUCCI 1, Marco IOSA 1 ✉
1 I.R.C.C.S Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of System Medicine, “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy
BACKGROUND: Dual task paradigm is common mechanism of daily life, it is often used for investigating the effect on cognitive processing of motor behavior.
AIM: In the present study we investigate the dual task interference during walking on upright gait stability.
DESIGN: cross-sectional study.
SETTING: Inpatient neurorehabilitation unit and children neurorehabilitation unit.
POPULATION: Eighty-five subjects were enrolled, divided into five groups: healthy young, healthy elderly, children with typical development, children with cerebral palsy and adults with stroke in subacute phase.
METHODS: All subjects had to walk through a pathway during which they had to hear a sound, turn the head to watch a number and verbalize it. Subjects wore an accelerometer on their lumbar spine to measure upright gait stability have been assessed by means of the Root Mean Square (RMS) of the trunk acceleration.
RESULTS: All subjects showed a reduced speed when performing a dual task with respect to single task. This reduction was significantly different among groups (F(4,81)=12.253, p<0.001, ES=0.377). The RMS resulted increased along LL-axis, and reduced along AP- and CC-axes during the dual task walking.
CONCLUSION: These accelerations were significantly related to the changes in speed that were managed in a different way in subjects affected by cerebral palsy and stroke.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The information obtained in this study may be used to support specific rehabilitation techniques in subjects with poor balance ability.