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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2017 April;53(2):277-85

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.16.03910-1

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Postoperative physical therapy program for latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in children with obstetrical brachial plexus injury

Yasser A., SAFOURY 1, Mohamed T. ELDESOKY 2, Enas E. ABUTALEB 2, Mohamed R. ATTEYA 3, Ahmed M. GABR 4

1 Orthopedic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kasr EL Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2 Department of Basic Science, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 3 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Hail University, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 4 Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt


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BACKGROUND: The transfer of latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff have been developed to rebalance the muscular dysfunction and improve shoulder range of motion in children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). No previous study reported the ideal postoperative physical therapy program for these cases.
AIM: The aim of the present study was to design appropriate postoperative physical therapy (PT) program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP to improve upper limb function.
DESIGN: Time series design.
SETTING: The patients were recruited from outpatient clinic of Kasr EL Aini Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.
POPULATION: Forty seven OBPP infants (4.64±1.21 years with a range of 2.5 to 7 years, 21male and26 female) were allocated to one group. All patients had functional limitation in the involved arm due to muscle paralysis and contracture. Twenty-five patients had C5-C6 nerve root lesions while 22 had C5-C6-C7 nerve root lesions.
METHODS: The children underwent the surgical procedures of the transfer of latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff. After the surgery the children participated in a designed physical therapy program for 6 months. Active shoulder abduction, flexion and external rotation range of motion (ROM) were assessed by electrogoniometer, and functional assessments were measured using the modified Mallet scale. All measurements were taken preoperative, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively after the application of the designed PT program.
RESULTS: Repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni post-hoc test were used to show the improvement in all measured variables. Analysis revealed that shoulder abduction, flexion and external rotation ROM and shoulder function measured by modified Mallet scale were significantly improved (P<0.0001) after the designed postoperative PT program.
CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the combination treatment of surgical procedure and the postoperative physical therapy program seem to be effective in improving shoulder and arm functions in children with OBPP.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: This study describes a detailed physical therapy program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP.


KEY WORDS: Physical therapy modalities - Rehabilitation - Brachial plexus neuropathies - Superficial back muscles - Tendons - Rotator cuff

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Publication History

Issue published online: May 4, 2017
Article first published online: November 10, 2016
Manuscript accepted: November 8, 2016
Manuscript revised: February 16, 2016
Manuscript received: April 20, 2015

Cite this article as

Safoury YA, Eldesoky MT, Abutaleb EE, Atteya MR, Gabr AM. Postoperative physical therapy program for latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in children with obstetrical brachial plexus injury. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2017;53:277-85. DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.16.03910-1

Corresponding author e-mail

mohamedtaher8@yahoo.com