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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2016 April;52(2):233-43

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Do aerobic exercises really improve aerobic capacity of stroke survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mikhail SALTYCHEV 1, Tuulikki SJÖGREN 2, Esa BÄRLUND 3, Katri LAIMI 1, Joana PALTAMAA 4

1 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku Turku, Finland; 2 Department of Health Sciences University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; 3 Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Pori, Finland; 4 School of Health and Social Studies JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland


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BACKGROUND: Even if aerobic exercises are recommended to stroke survivors, the clinical significance of the effect of these exercises on aerobic capacity has not been definitely shown.
AIM: To investigate, if there is evidence that aerobic capacity, measured by maximal oxygen consumption, can be improved by aerobic training?
DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis, all settings.
SETTING: Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine of a University Hospital.
POPULATION: Adult stroke survivors.
METHODS: Search on CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Pedro. Study selection and extraction based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews. Random effects meta-analysis.
RESULTS: Based on 13 randomized aerobic training improved aerobic capacity on average by 2.5 mL/kg/min. Four of the included studies had low risk of bias.
CONCLUSIONS: There is strong evidence that aerobic training is capable of improving aerobic capacity of stroke survivors, supporting the routine recommendation for training after stroke.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: It is not known, if one type of training is more effective than others in stroke survivors.

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Cite this article as

Saltychev M, Sjögren T, Bärlund E, Laimi K, Paltamaa J. Do aerobic exercises really improve aerobic capacity of stroke survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2016 April;52(2):233-43. 

Corresponding author e-mail

mikhail.saltychev@gmail.com