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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Online ISSN 1973-9095
Vittorio SALA 1, Lucia PETRUCCI 1, Serena MONTELEONE 1, Anna DALL’ANGELO 1, Stefania MIRACCA 1, Teresa CONTE 1, Ettore CARLISI 1, Susanna RICOTTI 1, Andrea M. D’ARMINI 2, Elena DALLA TOFFOLA 1
1 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 2 Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo and Pavia, University School of Medicine, Pavia, Italy
BACKGROUND: Early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery aims to prevent immobilization, to reduce the effects of surgery on the respiratory function and to facilitate the recovery of autonomy in the activities of daily living (ADL), after discharge. Nevertheless the optimal perioperative physical therapy care for patients undergoing cardiac surgery is not well established. Moreover, most of the studies monitored peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) during surgery or focused only on their recovery after rehabilitation and not on their pathways during a session of exercises.
AIM: To monitor peripheral oxygen saturation and HR before, during and at the end of a single session of early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery, so testing our protocol’s safety.
DESIGN: A case series.
SETTING: Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, inpatients.
POPULATION: Forty-eight consecutive inpatients (35 M), mean age 61 years, with cardiovascular disease (CVD), who underwent cardiac surgery.
METHODS: We monitored SpO2%, HR, systemic blood pressure (BP), pain in the thoracic wound (VAS) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) during the rehabilitation session after weaning from oxygen therapy.
RESULTS: During all phases mean SpO2 was 94% (±1.8) and mean HR was 85 bpm (±13.3). Number of desaturation events were 14 in total and mean of % of time with SpO2<90% was 3 (±6.5) during all the rehabilitative session. Moreover, mean BP after reaching the sitting position was 124.7 (±11.9)/78.6 (±8.4) and after ambulation was 131.5 (±11.5)/82.9 (±7.3).
CONCLUSION: The monitoring peripheral oxygen saturation and HR during and not only before and at the end of a standardized early rehabilitation session helped us to ensure the safety of our protocol.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Because of its feasibility, safety and reproducibility our rehabilitation treatment has been applied to different types of surgical inpatients in order to limit the negative consequences of immobilization.