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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Online ISSN 1973-9095
Racca V. 1, Di Rienzo M. 2, Mazzini P. 1, Ripamonti V. 1, Gasti G. 1, Spezzaferri R. 1, Modica M. 1, Ferratini M. 1
1 Cardiology Rehabilitation Department, S. Maria Nascente Institute IRCCS, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy;
2 Technology Centre, Maria Nascente Institute IRCCS, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy
BACKGROUND: Heart surgery is a frequent reason for admission to in-patient cardiac rehabilitation programmes. ICF approach has never been used to evaluate cardiac patients after major heart surgery.
AIM: The aim was to evaluate and measure functionality in cardiac patients who have undergone heart surgery, using for the first time the ICF-based approach and to assess whether such approach can be feasible and useful in cardiac rehabilitation.
DESIGN: Observational study.
SETTING: In-patients cardiac Rehabilitation Unit in Milan.
POPULATION: Fifty consecutively admitted patients who had undergone heart surgery (34 males, 16 females; mean age 65.7±12.5 years).
METHODS: We prepared a ICF-core set short enough to be feasible and practical. Patients were individually interviewed by different healthcare professionals (randomly selected from a group of two physicians, two physiotherapists and two psychologists) at the beginning (T1) and end of cardiac rehabilitation (T2)
RESULTS: The sum of the scores of each ICF body function, body structure, activity and participation code significantly decreased between T1 and T2 (P<0.001). The environmental code scores significantly decreased in the case of facilitators between T1 and T2 (P=0.0051), but not in the case of barriers. There were significant correlations between the ICF body function scores and Barthel’s index (ρ=0.381; P=0.006), NYHA class (ρ=0.404; P=0.004) and plasma Cr-P levels (r=0.31; P=0.03), between the ICF body structure codes and the Conley scale (ρ=0.306; P=0.02), and between the activity/participation codes and SpO2 (ρ=0.319; P=0.04). There were no correlations between the ICF environmental codes and clinical parameters.
CONCLUSION: The ICF-based data provided functional information that was consistent with the patients’ clinical course.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The core set used allowed to quantify important body functions and activities, including some areas that are generally insufficiently considered by healthcare professionals during cardiac rehabilitation, and document their improvement.