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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events
Official Journal of the , , , ,
In association with
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2014 October;50(5):557-60
Elective proximal lower limb amputation in spinal cord injury patients with chronic pressure ulcers: improve quality of life, function, and shorten hospital stay. Case report
Yusmido Y. A., Hisamud-Din N., Mazlan M. ✉
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common among patients with spinal cord injury and can be very challenging to treat. The treatment involves multidisciplinary approach and ranges from simple pressure relieve and wound dressings to a more radical treatment like proximal lower limb amputations, especially in chronic cases with potential detrimental effects to physical and mental health.
AIM: To report the outcome of three spinal cord injury patients with a history of chronic pressure ulcers who underwent elective proximal lower limb amputations.
METHODS: We reviewed three patients; patient 1 with bilateral hip disarticulation, patient 2 with left hip disarticulation and right transfemoral amputation and patient 3 with bilateral transfemoral amputation. The clinical impact and functional outcome of the patients were reviewed by comparing the length of hospital stay, the short version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL- BREF) score and the Spinal Cord Independence Measures (SCIM) score before and after amputation.
RESULTS: After amputation, all patients have marked reduction in hospital stay (mean reduction of 208 days), improvement in WHOQOL-BREF scores(mean increment of 14.68 scores) and minimal improvement in SCIM scores (mean increment of 3 scores) compared to before amputation.
CONCLUSIONS: Proximal amputations of the lower limbs are procedures that can be considered as part of the treatment for complicated pressure ulcers. In properly selected patients, it can reduce the number of hospital stay, improve the quality of life and functional outcome.