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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events
Official Journal of the , , , ,
In association with
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2014 June;50(3):285-99
Content validation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for stroke from gender perspective using a qualitative approach
Glässel A. 1, 2, 3, Coenen M. 2, 3, Kollerits B. 2, Cieza A. 1, 2, 3 ✉
1 Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF), Nottwil, Switzerland;
2 Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, IBE Research Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich, Germany;
3 ICF Research Branch in cooperation with the WHO Collaborating Centre for the Family of International Classifications in Germany (at DIMDI), Nottwil*
BACKGROUND: The extended ICF Core Set for stroke is an application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organisation (WHO) with the purpose to represent the typical spectrum of functioning of persons with stroke.
AIM: The objective of the study is to add evidence to the content validity of the extended ICF Core Set for stroke from persons after stroke taking into account gender perspective.
DESIGN AND SETTING: A qualitative study design was conducted by using individual interviews with women and men after stroke in an in- and outpatient rehabilitation setting.
METHODS: The sampling followed the maximum variation strategy. Sample size was determined by saturation. Concepts from qualitative data analysis were linked to ICF categories and compared to the extended ICF Core Set for stroke.
RESULTS: Twelve women and 12 men participated in 24 individual interviews. In total, 143 out of 166 ICF categories included in the extended ICF Core Set for stroke were confirmed (women: N.=13; men: N.=17; both genders: N.=113). Thirty-eight additional categories that are not yet included in the extended ICF Core Set for stroke were raised by women and men.
CONCLUSION: This study confirms that the experience of functioning and disability after stroke shows communalities and differences for women and men. The validity of the extended ICF Core Set for stroke could be mostly confirmed, since it does not only include those areas of functioning and disability relevant to both genders but also those exclusively relevant to either women or men.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Further research is needed on ICF categories not yet included in the extended ICF Core Set for stroke.