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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2012 March;48(1):9-15

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Adherence to recommendations for fall prevention significantly affects the risk of falling after hip fracture: post-hoc analyses of a quasi-randomized controlled trial

Di Monaco M. 1, Vallero F. 1, De Toma E. 2, Castiglioni C. 1, Gardin L. 2, Giordano S. 2, Tappero R. 3

1 Osteoporosis Research Center, Presidio Sanitario San Camillo, Turin, Italy;
2 Service of Occupational Therapy, Presidio Sanitario San Camillo, Turin, Italy;
3 Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Presidio Sanitario San Camillo, Turin, Italy

BACKGROUND: Few studies focused on fall prevention in hip-fracture survivors.
AIM: To investigate the role of adherence to targeted recommendations on both home environment and behaviors in affecting the hazard of falling after a fall-related hip fracture.
DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of a quasi-randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Post-acute rehabilitation hospital.
POPULATION: Ninety-five of 119 women living in the community with a fall-related fracture of the hip.
METHODS: We assessed home hazard of falling and suggested targeted modifications of home environment and behaviors in activities of daily living to prevent falls during inpatient rehabilitation. Falls were recorded at a six-month follow-up during a pre-planned home visit.
RESULTS: Nineteen of the 95 women sustained at least one fall during the six-month follow-up. Women with > 2 uncorrected risk factors had a significantly higher risk of falling than those with 0-2 risk factors; the odds ratio adjusted for four confounders was 4.58 (95%CI 1.472-4.250; P=0.009). Adherence to recommendations for fall prevention was negatively associated with fall risk. The adjusted odds ratio for a ten percent increase in adherence rate was 0.749 (95%CI 0.594-0.945; P=0.015).
CONCLUSION: Uncorrected environmental and behavioral risk factors and poor adherence to targeted recommendations for fall prevention significantly predicted the risk of falling in community-dwelling women who sustained a fall-related hip fracture.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Fall-risk assessment should be performed during inpatient rehabilitation following a fall-related hip fracture. Improving adherence to targeted recommendations emerges as a major goal to prevent falls in hip-fracture survivors.

language: English


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