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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2010 September;46(3):389-99

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Is health-related-quality of life of stroke patients influenced by neurological impairments at one year after stroke?

Franceschini M. 1, La Porta F. 2, Agosti M. 3, Massucci M. 4

1 Department of Rehabilitation IRCCS San Raffaele, Pisana, Rome, Italy;
2 Rehabilitation Medicine Unit, Civil Hospital, Modena, Italy;
3 Geriatrics and Rehabilitation Department, Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy;
4 Rehabilitation Unit, Hospital of Passignano sul Trasimeno Perugia, Italy

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate which neurological impairments on discharge from rehabilitation services are associated with a worse outcome in terms of health related-quality of life (HRQoL) one year after stroke.
METHODS: We enrolled 528 first-time stroke patients in a multicenter observational study involving 18 Italian inpatients rehabilitation centers. Neurological impairment-related factors, socio-demographic and general clinical variables and process indicators were considered independent variables at discharge. Outcome was represented by the following dependent variables of HRQoL: EuroQoL-5D questionnaire (5D-EQoL) and its derived index (Eq-Index) and a Visual Analogue Score (QoL-VAS).
RESULTS: The strongest predictors of lower HRQoL were an incomplete limbs motor recovery. An incomplete lower limb motor recovery was associated with a lower HRQoL only in the “mobility” domains, whereas a incomplete upper limb motor recovery could predict a lower HRQoL in all domains except “mobility”. Regarding cognitive impairments, the presence of neglect at discharge was associated with a lower HRQoL in “self-care”, “pain-discomfort” and “anxiety-depression”. Female gender, presence of urinary catheter seemed to exert a much lesser role in predicting HRQoL.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that upper limb motor impairments may have a detrimental impact on the patient’s perceived HRQoL one year after stroke.

language: English


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