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Home > Journals > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Past Issues > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2010 September;46(3) > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2010 September;46(3):315-24

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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2010 September;46(3):315-24

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Are intra-articular corticosteroid injections better than conventional TENS in treatment of rotator cuff tendinitis in the short run? A randomized study

Eyigor C. 1, Eyigor S. 2, Kivilcim Korkmaz O. 2

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Pain Clinic, Bornova-Izmir-Turkey;
2 Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Bornova-Izmir-Turkey

AIM: Rotator cuff problems are common causes of pain and restriction of movement in shoulder. The aim of this study to compare the effect of intra-articular injection of corticosteroid and conventional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (TENS) treatment in treatment of rotator cuff tendinitis.
METHODS: Subjects were randomly allocated into Group 1 (intra-articular injection of corticosteroid) and Group 2 (conventional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation-TENS). Outcome measurements were performed using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, range of motion (ROM), the Shoulder Disability Questionnaire (SDQ), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and Beck Depression Scale (BDS) questionnaires and paracetamol consumption.
RESULTS: In both groups, significant improvement was observed in all weeks in VAS, ROM and SDQ scores (P<0.05). Improvement was detected in most of the SF36 scores at the end of the treatment in both groups (P<0.05), while no significant change was observed in BDI score (P>0.05). In both treatment groups, paracetamol consumption decreased in time (P<0.05). When the groups were compared, a significant difference was found between the groups in favor of Group 1 in terms of VAS-at night and VAS-at rest in weeks 1, 4 and 12, and VAS-during movement in week 1 and 12 (P<0.05). The comparison of two groups revealed a significant difference in favor of Group 1 in weeks 1 in the passive abduction and the active and passive IR ROM measurements (P<0.05). There was also a significant difference in favor of Group 1 observed in weeks 1 in SDQ scores (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Intra-articular injection of corticosteroid and conventional TENS are efficient in the treatment of rotator cuff tendinitis. When two treatments are compared, it may be concluded that intra-articular steroid injection was more effective especially in the first weeks regarding pain, ROM and disability. Otherwise, use of TENS allow to patients to increase activity level, improve function and quality of life like that in our study. TENS, as it is cheaper, non-invasive, more easily performed and efficient, may be preferable for the treatment of shoulder pain. Further studies are needed to include these results in the prospective treatment guidelines.

language: English


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