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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2008 June;44(2):203-11

NEW CEREBRAL PALSY REHABILITATION ORIENTED CLASSIFICATION 

The term diplegia should be enhanced. Part II: contribution to validation of the new rehabilitation oriented classification

Cioni G. 1,2, Lodesani M. 3, Pascale R. 1, Coluccini M. 2, Sassi S. 3, Paolicelli P. B. 2, Perazza S. 2, Ferrari A. 3,4

1 Department of Developmental Neuroscience IRCCS Stella Maris, Pisa, Italy
2 Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
3 Children Rehabilitation Unit S.Maria Nuova Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy
4 Department of Neuroscience University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Modena and Reggio Emilia Italy

Recent proposals of classification for cerebral palsy (CP), mainly revised for epidemiological purposes, suggest to abandon the use of the term diplegia. Conversely, in this paper data are presented to support the proposal to maintain the distinction between spastic tetraplegia and diplegia, and to subdivide this latter according to four main clinical patterns of walking observable in these children. This proposal of classification was validated by testing a group of 467 subjects with CP, of whom 213 with diplegia and 115 with tetraplegia, consecutively admitted between January 2005 and December 2006 to two national reference centers for this disability. The results were compared with findings obtained by other methods of classifying gross and fine motor function and associated disorders. The subjects with tetraplegia strongly differ from those of diplegia, both for motor functions and for other disabilities. The four main walking patterns of spastic diplegia were easily recognizable and observers were able to assign most of the subjects to one form of the classification. Significant correlations between walking forms of diplegia and distribution of Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels were found. Some of the forms significantly differ also for fine motor and mental disability. These findings suggest that in clinical practice the category of diplegia not only can be kept as a separate form of CP, but it may be enhanced, through the identification of different subcategories of children, divided according to their walking patterns.

language: English


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