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Home > Journals > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Past Issues > Europa Medicophysica 2005 June;41(2) > Europa Medicophysica 2005 June;41(2):163-71



A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095


Europa Medicophysica 2005 June;41(2):163-71



Therapeutic exercise for knee osteoarthritis: considering factors that may influence outcome

Fitzgerald G. K.

Department of Physical Therapy School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

While exercise has been shown to be beneficial for reducing pain and improving physical function in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA), there are still individuals who do not always respond well to this treatment approach. There are a number of factors that have been shown to influence either the degree of disability and/or the progression of disease in individuals with knee OA. These factors include quadriceps inhibition or activation failure, obesity, passive knee laxity, knee alignment, fear of physical activity and self efficacy. It may be possible that varying levels of these factors might also interfere with an individual’s ability to participate in an exercise or physical activity program or minimize the benefits that can be achieved by such programs. This paper examines the influence of these factors on physical function and their potential for altering the outcome of exercise therapy programs for individuals with knee OA. Implications and suggestions for potential adjunctive interventions to address these factors in future research and clinical practice are also discussed.

language: English


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