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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events
Official Journal of the , , , ,
In association with
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
REVIEWS RHEUMATOLOGICAL REHABILITATION
Europa Medicophysica 2005 June;41(2):163-71
Therapeutic exercise for knee osteoarthritis: considering factors that may influence outcome
Fitzgerald G. K.
Department of Physical Therapy School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
While exercise has been shown to be beneficial for reducing pain and improving physical function in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA), there are still individuals who do not always respond well to this treatment approach. There are a number of factors that have been shown to influence either the degree of disability and/or the progression of disease in individuals with knee OA. These factors include quadriceps inhibition or activation failure, obesity, passive knee laxity, knee alignment, fear of physical activity and self efficacy. It may be possible that varying levels of these factors might also interfere with an individual’s ability to participate in an exercise or physical activity program or minimize the benefits that can be achieved by such programs. This paper examines the influence of these factors on physical function and their potential for altering the outcome of exercise therapy programs for individuals with knee OA. Implications and suggestions for potential adjunctive interventions to address these factors in future research and clinical practice are also discussed.