Advanced Search

Home > Journals > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Past Issues > Europa Medicophysica 2002 June;38(2) > Europa Medicophysica 2002 June;38(2):97-105



A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095


Europa Medicophysica 2002 June;38(2):97-105


Semantic memory deficits following Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE). A single-case study

Zanini S., Borgo F., Vorano L., De Luca G.

From the Department of Physiology and Pathology, University of Trieste, Italy *Faculty of Psychology, University of Trieste, Italy **Rehabilitation Medicine Department Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Institute Udine, Italy

Semantic mem­o­ry dis­or­ders fol­low­ing ­HSE ­are fre­quent­ly char­ac­ter­ised by ­the cat­e­go­ry spec­i­fic­ity ­effect, name­ly ­the liv­ing ­things ­domain ­more dis­rupt­ed ­then ­the ­non-liv­ing ­things ­one. Whether ­this is ­due to a cat­e­gor­i­cal organ­isa­tion of ­the seman­tic ­system or to a def­i­cit in pro­cess­ing ­basic infor­ma­tion nec­es­sary ­for ­item iden­tifi­ca­tion, is ­still ­under ­debate. We test­ed ­these ­two hypoth­e­ses. A sin­gle-­case ­study of ­HSE ­with cat­e­go­ry spec­i­fic­ity ­effect ­was under­tak­en. The ­patient ­was stud­ied ­six ­months ­post-­onset dur­ing reha­bil­i­ta­tion at ­the Clinical Neuropsychology Office of ­our Rehabilita-tion Unit. The ­patient ­was test­ed on sev­er­al ­tasks tap­ping seman­tic rep­re­sen­ta­tion of liv­ing ­thing, “mass” ­kind, ­and ­non-liv­ing ­thing ­domains. Besides clas­sic cat­e­go­ry spec­i­fic­ity impair­ment, ­the ­patient pre­sent­ed con­sis­tent def­i­cit in pro­cess­ing seman­tic fea­tures of ­items ­when sen­so­ry attrib­utes ­were pre­sent­ed com­pared to func­tion­al ­ones irre­spec­tive­ly of ­the ­item ­domain ­class (liv­ing, “­mass” ­kinds, or ­non-liv­ing ­things). These find­ings sug­gest ­that ­the cat­e­go­ry spec­i­fic­ity ­effect is ­not deter­mined by a cat­e­gor­i­cal def­i­cit with­in ­the seman­tic ­system ­but is rath­er ­due to impair­ment in pro­cess­ing sen­so­ry attrib­utes ­that under­pin seman­tic rep­re­sen­ta­tion. This pos­es ­the theo­ret­i­cal ­basis ­for cog­ni­tive reha­bil­i­ta­tion of seman­tic mem­o­ry def­i­cits fol­low­ing ­HSE.

language: English

Full text temporarily not available online. Contact us  REPRINTS

top of page