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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
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Europa Medicophysica 1999 December;35(4):219-27

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Paraplegia and sport. From the past to the present

Bizzarini E. 1, Di Benedetto P. 2

1 Institute of Sports Medicine, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy; 2 Rehabilitation Centre, Trieste, Italy


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Nowadays spi­nal ­cord inju­ried ath­letes can prac­tice ­almost all the ­sports dis­ci­plines of the ­able-bod­ied ath­letes. Wheelchair ­sports are rel­a­tive­ly ­recent: ­after the com­ple­tion of the 2nd World War, the ­first Rehabilitation Centre with­in Stoke Mandeville Hospital (Aylesbury) in Great Britain was ­opened, and spi­nal ­cord inju­ried ­patients under­went spe­cif­ic and system­at­ic train­ing pro­grammes. In July 1948, the ­first Stoke Mandeville Sports Games for dis­abled ath­letes ­took ­place dur­ing the open­ings of the Olympic Games in London. The Games for spi­nal ­cord inju­ried ath­letes ­became ­then Olympic Games in Rome in 1960. The Games ­were ­held with­in the Olympic Games for ­able-bod­ied ath­letes, and, ­since ­then, the Games for dis­abled ­were reg­u­lar­ly organ­ised togeth­er ­with the Olympic Games for ­able-bod­ied. Wheelchair ­sports ­have ­involved in the ­last ­decade a grow­ing num­ber of ath­letes ­from var­i­ous coun­tries. In the ­last Paralympics edi­tion in Atlanta, 3195 ath­letes ­from 103 coun­tries ­have par­tic­i­pat­ed and the ­high qual­ity of the com­pe­ti­tions has ­been appre­ciat­ed by a ­large audi­ence.

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