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CURRENT ISSUEEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Europa Medicophysica 1999 December;35(4):207-18

Structure, phys­io­pa­thol­o­gy and reha­bil­i­ta­tion of the sac­ro­il­i­ac ­joint

Paci M.

Rehabilitation Department, Villa Fiorita Nursing Home, Prato, Italy


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The sac­ro­il­i­ac ­joint (SIJ) is a com­plex and high­ly var­i­able ­joint in ­terms of mor­phol­o­gy, posi­tion and num­ber of move­ment ­axes. Its ana­tom­i­cal fea­tures and stur­dy per­i­ar­tic­u­lar struc­tures ­make it an extreme­ly ­stable ­joint and ­this has led research­ers and cli­ni­cians to ques­tion its capac­ity to gen­er­ate ­pain. However, increas­ing inter­est has ­been ­shown in ­this ­joint ­over in ­recent ­years. Although ­there is ­still ­much to be ­learned ­about bio­me­chan­ics, it is now pos­sible to for­mu­late a suf­fi­cient­ly reli­able diag­no­sis of SIJ dys­func­tion. Furthermore, ­some of the pre­lim­i­nary ­results of reha­bil­i­ta­tion are encour­ag­ing. Further ­well-­designed stud­ies are need­ed to ­reach a con­sen­sus on the ­role and phys­io­pa­thol­o­gy of SIJ abnor­mal­ities, ­with a ­view to defin­ing ­guide ­lines for cli­ni­cians and reha­bil­i­ta­tors.

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