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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events
Official Journal of the , , , ,
In association with
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Europa Medicophysica 1998 December;34(4):189-201
Quality of life and social integration after traumatic brain injury: a two-year follow-up
Franceschini M., Perdon L., Bertagnoni G., Sgarabottolo E.
Divisione di Recupero e Rieducazione Funzionale, Unità Spinale, Presidio Ospedaliero di Vicenza, USSL n. 6 Vicenza - Regione Veneto
BACKGROUND: This study examined the quality of life and some aspects of social integration in a group of subjects who had suffered severe brain injury.
METHODS: Inclusion criteria for the study were: age at trauma greater than 5 years and survival two-years beyond treatment (minimum follow-up). After a retrospective clinical data collection, a telephone survey was carried out and this involved a question and answer format referring to different aspects of social integration and a rating system to assess life satisfaction (scale range 0-10). This survey was also extended to a close relative of the patient. A total of 78 patients (mean age was 33.2 years) were selected, but only 61 patients actually took part in the study. At follow-up several alterations in routine activities (including work/study), the use of leisure time, emotional status and the presence of pain were noted. All three subscales utilized for assessing functional capactities reached values greater than 6 in a consistent number of cases.
RESULTS: The results of the study demonstrated interesting correlations between both clinical data and the answers to the questionnaire. A particularly significant correlation was found between questionnaire items and the evaluation made by the patient’s relative.
CONCLUSIONS: This meant that the questionnaire utilized was more indicative of the patient’s well-being as observed by a relative rather than the patient him or herself.