Total amount: € 0,00
Calista D. 1, Valenzano L. 2
1 Unità Operativa di Dermatologia, Ospedale “M Bufalini”, Cesena, Italia;
2 Istituto San Gallicano Roma, Italia
Our society is undergoing a rapid change. It has recently been forced to assimilate distant and diverse cultures for a number of different causes: the progressive abolition of national borders in Europe, the growing international mobility of people both for work and for pleasure and a large-scale migration over the last decades. In this context, Italian dermatologists have seen the recrudescence of diseases such as syphilis and urethritis, which showed the lowest prevalence of all time in the 90s, and of other sexually transmitted diseases such as lymphogranuloma venereum and chancroid, which until a few years ago could only be studied in books. The first decade of the new millennium has seen a change in the perception of infectious diseases from strictly national to continental events. This transition has been marked by the creation of the European Centre for Diseases Control (ECDC) in 2005, an independent agency modelled on the CDC in Atlanta, which has its headquarters in Solna, Sweden, and designed to protect European citizens from outbreaks of infectious diseases. The foundation of this institution has been conceived precisely as a result of the intensification of internal and external migration flows to the Union and has become a valuable epidemiological point of reference about the prevalence of STDs on a continental scale. It is hoped that in the future the ECDC may engage in monitoring drug resistance, particularly against Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia too.