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Boccia L. 1, Buonomo C. 1, Valentina Puca R. 2, Vozza A. 2
1 Struttura Dipartimentale di Dermatologia Pediatrica, Unità Operativa Complessa di Anatomia Patologica, Azienda Ospedaliera “Sant’Anna e San Sebastiano” di Caserta, Caserta
2 Clinica Dermatologica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Polo di Caserta
Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) is a common finding of unknown etiology affecting healthy newborn children, particularly those born at term. It is seen in the first days of life, but rarely at birth. Infants affected by it often have sterile papulo-pustules containing a predominance of eosinophils. It is important to distinguish ETN from other cutaneous eruptions of neonates, some of which are severe. ETN is often diagnosed by pediatricians and family physicians; however, a consultation with a pediatric dermatologist may be advisable, especially when the features of the disease are atypical or the newborn appears ill or has risk factors for sepsis. In this report we describe a case of ETN occurred in a three-day-old infant with unilateral kidney agenesis.