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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2017 Jul 11

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05532-8

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effect of personal, familial, and enviroinmental characteristics on acne vulgaris: a prospective, multicenter, case controlled study from Turkey

Ayşe S. KARADAĞ 1 , İlknur BALTA 2, Hayriye SARICAOĞLU 3, Selim KILIÇ 4, Kıymet H. KELEKÇI 5, Mehmet YILDIRIM 6, Deniz A. ARICA 7, Savaş ÖZTÜRK 8, Göksun KARAMAN 9, Aslı A. ÇERMAN 10, Serap G. BILGILI 11, Enver TURAN 12, Mustafa M. DEMIRCI 13, Tuğba K. UZUNÇAKMAK 1, Serdar C. GÜVENÇ 14, Arzu ATASEVEN 15, Ayten FERAHBAŞ 16, Berna AKSOY 17, Emine ÇÖLGEÇEN 18, Özlem EKIZ 19, Filiz TOPALOĞLU DEMIR 20, Özlem BILGIÇ 21, Seray ÇAKMAK 22, Derya UÇMAK 23, Pınar ÖZUĞUZ 24, Yeşim KAYMAK KONKURALP 25, Aylin T. ERMERTCAN 26, Gonca GÖKDEMIR 27, Emel BÜLBÜL BAŞKAN 3, Gökçen ALYAMAÇ 27, Hatice ŞANLI 28

1 Istanbul Medeniyet University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Istanbul, Turkey; 2 Ankara Research and Training Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Ankara, Turkey; 3 Uludağ University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Bursa, Turkey; 4 Gülhane Military Medical Academy Biyoistatistik Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Turkey; 5 Izmir Katip Çelebi University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Izmir, Turkey; 6 Süleyman Demirel University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Isparta, Turkey; 7 Karadeniz Teknik University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Trabzon, Turkey; 8 Balıkesir University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Balıkesir, Turkey; 9 Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Aydın, Turkey; 10 Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Research and Training Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Istanbul, Turkey; 11 Yüzüncü Yıl University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Van, Turkey; 12 Harran University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Urfa, Turkey; 13 Erzurum Palandöken State Hospital, Erzurum,Turkey; 14 Adıyaman University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Adıyaman, Turkey; 15 Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Konya, Turkey; 16 Erciyes University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Kayseri, Turkey; 17 VM Medicalpark Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Kocaeli, Turkey; 18 Bozok University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Yozgat, Turkey; 19 Mustafa Kemal University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Hatay, Turkey; 20 Bartın State Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Bartın, Turkey; 21 Selçuk University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Konya, Turkey; 22 Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Ankara, Turkey; 23 Dicle University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Diyarbakır, Turkey; 24 Afyon Kocatepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Afyon, Turkey; 25 Gazi University Mediko Social Department, Ankara, Turkey; 26 Celal Bayar University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Manisa, Turkey; 27 Bahçeşehir University, Liv Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; 28 Ankara University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Ankara, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity.
METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period.
RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study. Mild acne was the most common type of acne, and most of the lesions were localized on face followed by the trunk. The severity of acne was worse in patients who had a positive family history of acne. The most common triggering factor was psychological stress. We found a positive correlation with chocolate, bread, green tea, milk, white sugar, ripe banana, ice cream, apple, orange, and red meat consumption. As we compare the acne severity according to geographical features we detected mildmoderate acne was more common in Mediterrenean region and severe acne was more common in East Anatolian region. Family history positivity was more common in Aegean region and least common in Middle Anatolian region. There was statistically significant relationship as we compare acne severity and dietary factors such as chocolate, dairy products such as milk, sunflower seed consumption within the geographical regions.
CONCLUSIONS: This study presents the demographic and clinical characteristics of acne patients in Asian and the European parts of Turkey. We believe that this study will provide a useful overview of acne in Turkey.


KEY WORDS: Acne vulgaris - Diet - Enviroinmental characteristic

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Publication History

Article first published online: July 11, 2017
Manuscript accepted: June 5, 2017
Manuscript revised: May 26, 2017
Manuscript received: December 5, 2016

Cite this article as

Karadağ AS, Balta İ, Sarıcaoğlu H, Kılıç S, Kelekçi KH, Yıldırım M et al. The effect of personal, familial, and enviroinmental characteristics on Acne vulgaris: a prospective, multicenter, case controlled study from Turkey. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jul 11. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05532-8

Corresponding author e-mail

karadagaserap@gmail.com