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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2017 Apr 11
Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA
Psoriasis and high school students: an educational approach
Maddalena NAPOLITANO 1, Matteo MEGNA 2, Cataldo PATRUNO 2, Angela PATRÌ 2 ✉, Massimiliano SCALVENZI 2, Giuseppe MONFRECOLA 2, Fabio AYALA 2, Nicola BALATO 2
1 Department of Medicine and Health Sciences "Vincenzo Tiberio", University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy; 2 Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
BACKGROUND: To date, no study evaluating the knowledge of psoriasis among high school students has been conducted. Thus, we aimed to examine the awareness of such disease among teenagers as well as the possible changes in both the perception of psoriasis and comprehension level after an interactive lesson.
METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted in March 2016 on 300 high school students aged 14-18 years. The survey followed a three-step process. Initially, the questionnaire was administered to students in a 30 minutes period. Subsequently, a dermatologist held a lesson of 120 minutes on various features of psoriasis. Few hours after the presentation, the same questionnaire was re-administered to the same students in order to assess the degree of learning.
RESULTS: 250 students completed the survey. In the pre-lesson evaluation, the mean score was 5.9±4.5 (range 0-14). Students improved their baseline scores by an average of 6.3 points in the absolute score in the post-lessons questionnaire results (mean value=12.2±1.9). Scores gained in post-lesson test were statistically significant improved compared to pre-lesson examination (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that psoriasis awareness among young subjects is very low and needs to be increased, through specific educational programs.
KEY WORDS: Psoriasis - Educational programs - Students - Quality of life