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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2016 Jun 30
Juvenile psoriasis: an epidemiological study of 69 cases in the universitary dermatology clinic in Turin
Veronica ARESE, Paola ALBINI, Federica IBBA, Michele PANZONE, Ornella CERVETTI ✉
1 Clinica Dermatologica Università di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, Torino, Italia
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease that affects people of every age; prevalence in pediatric population is unknown because of the lack of studies.
METHODS: We collected data about patients 0-18 years old coming to our centre in the period from November 2010 to September 2012.
RESULTS: We found 69 children (38 males, 31 females) affected by psoriasis, with a M/F ratio of 1,2 and a prevalence of 0.75%. Plaque psoriasis was the most common clinical manifestation (72,54%), followed by guttate psoriasis (13%). The most frequent comorbidities were overweight and obesity (26%). Most patients had a mild disease with PASI<10 (72.5%).; the majority had no or limited effects on quality of life derived from psoriasis. The most frequent involved areas were the extremities (58%), followed by the scalp (45%). 84% of children were treated with emollient agents, 50,7% with topical keratolytics., 24.6% with local steroids, vitamin D analogues or combination.
CONCLUSION: The number of young patients affected by psoriasis confirmed rare literature reports about the topic. Most children showed mild form of disease. Nearly every child with mild psoriasis treated with topical therapy obtained good results.