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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2015 Oct 07

language: English

Atopic dermatitis and dental manifestations

Perugia C. 1, Saraceno R. 2, Ventura A. 2, Lore’ B. 3, Chiaramonte C. 4, Docimo R. 1, Chimenti S. 2

1 Department of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy;
2 U.O.C. of Dermatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy;
3 Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery of the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy;
4 Department of Statistics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy


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BACKGROUND: atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease associated with epidermal dysfunction commonly seen in children.
AIM/OBJECTIVE: aim of this study was to evaluate the possible correlation between atopic dermatitis
and dental diseases in paediatric patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: an observational study was conducted by the Department of Paediatric
Dentistry of the Policlinico Tor Vergata among a group of 300 children, between 2 and 17 years of
age and of both genders, for a period of 6 months from January 2013 to June 2013. Sociodemographic
data including race, gender, and age were collected. Clinical and dermatological examinations were performed in all patients; family and medical history of atopy was recorded for each patient and relatives.
RESULTS: 300 patients, aged between 2 and 17 years, with mean age of 8.9 (±2.12), were enrolled;
90/300 (30%) were affected by atopic dermatitis. Of those, 69/90 (76,6%) had a medical history of
spoil habit, 49/90 (54%) had caries, 58/90 (64,4%) had malocclusion disease, 13/90 (14,4%) had
anatomical dental abnormalities.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, in the current investigation we found a higher prevalence of atopic
dermatitis in pediatric dentistry patients compared to the general population suggesting that dental
diseases could be involved in the pathogenesis of AD.

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rositasaraceno@yahoo.it