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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2016 February;151(1):1-8
Psoriasis awareness among Italian patients: results of a nationwide survey
Federico BARDAZZI 1, Paolo AMERIO 2, Giuseppe AMORUSO 3, Anna CAMPANATI 4, Andrea CONTI 5, Clara DE SIMONE 6, Paolo GISONDI 7, Giulio GUALDI 8, Claudio GUARNERI 9, Francesco LOCONSOLE 10, Annamaria MAZZOTTA 11, Maria L. MUSUMECI 12 Stefano PIASERICO 13, Concetta POTENZA 14, Luigia SCUDELLER 15, for the Alphard study group 2 ✉
1 Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, St. Orsola Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; 2 Department of Oncology and Neuroscience, Dermatologic Clinic, University G. D’Annunzio, Chieti, Chieti‑Pescara, Italy; 3 University of Catanzaro, Fondazione per la Ricerca e la Cura dei Tumori “Tommaso Campanella” COE, Dermatology Unit, Germaneto di Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 4 Dermatology Unit, Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy; 5 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Department of Dermatology, Modena, Italy; 6 Department of Dermatology, Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy; 7 Section of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 8 Department of Dermatology, Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia University, Brescia, Italy; 9 Section of Dermatology, Department of Clinical Experimental Medicine, “G. Martino” University Hospital, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 10 Dermatology Clinic, University of Bari, Bari, Italy; 11 Department of Dermatology, San Camillo‑Forlanini Hospital, Rome, Italy; 12 Department of Dermatology, PO G. Rodolico, Policlinico‑Vittorio Emanuele University Hospital, Catania, Italy; 13 Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy; 14 “Daniele Innocenzi” Unit of Dermatology, Polo Pontino, A. Fiorni Terracina Hospital, “Sapienza” University, Rome, Italy; 15 Scientific Direction, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy
BACKGROUND: This was a prospective, multicentre study conducted in 14 Italian psoriasis referral centres (January-June 2014) with the objective of identifying factors associated with different levels of patient awareness on psoriasis.
METHODS: Overall, 298 patients (119 females, mean age 49.4 years, range 20–88) with a diagnosis of psoriasis (median of 14.1 years) were enrolled. Patients were more knowledgeable about the pathogenic nature of their condition compared with the other parameters (diagnosis, clinical course, prognosis, effect on QoL). Variables associated with significantly higher awareness, included years of education (the higher the educational levels the greater awareness), internet usage, other family member with the disease, diet rich in fruit/vegetables, cigarette smoking and bone and joint involvement.
RESULTS: Older age, diabetes, and alcohol abuse were inversely associated.
CONCLUSIONS: Having established factors that affect awareness in our patients we can now go on to devise educational interventions to address these needs.