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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2015 June;150(3):309-16
Quality of life in patients with scalp psoriasis
Zampieron A. 1, Buja A. 2, Fusco M. 2, 3, Linder D. 4, Bortune M. 5, Piaserico S. 4, Baldo V. 2 ✉
1 School of Pediatric Nursing, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy;
2 Department of Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Public Health and Population Studies, University of Padua, Italy;
3 School of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Padua, Italy;
4 Dermatology Clinic, Padua University Hospital, Italy;
5 Italian Army, Ministry of Defence, Rome, Italy
AIM: The aims of this study were to describe the quality of life (QoL) in patients suffering of scalp psoriasis and to assess the impact of the socio-demographic and clinical features of this condition on patients’ health-related QoL, using general and specific QoL scales.
METHODS: This research is a cross-sectional study. The study involved 55 patients attending their first examination at the Dermatology Clinic of Padua University over the course of one year (April 2010-March 2011). The outcome was quality of life analyzed by means Scalpdex and SF-36 questionnaire.
RESULTS: The sample’s mean Scalpdex score was 43.60±17.52, while the mean SF-36 score was 68.28±20.32. The SF-36 identified statistically significant differences between the psoriasis patients and the Italian general population in two domains, i.e. general health (P=0.0075) and emotional role (P=0.0048). The severity of patients’ scalp lesions emerged as a factor associated with a reduced QoL in these patients, irrespective of the severity of their disease as a whole. Sex, age, schooling and other socio-demographic factors also characterized patients’ perceived QoL.
CONCLUSION: Patients with scalp psoriasis suffered from a lower QoL relating to the highly visible site of their psoriatic lesions. Specific supportive measures should be dedicated to these patients by health care workers.