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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Online ISSN 1827-1820
Giomi B. 1, Silvestri C. 2, Bravi S. 2, Foretic M. 2, Zuccati G. 1, Martini P. 3, Bilenchi R. 4, Vichi F. 5, Voller F. 2, Cipriani F. 2
1 Unit for STD and AIDS, Department of Dermatology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy;
2 Regional Health Agency of Tuscany, Florence, Italy;
3 Section of Dermatology, Campo di Marte Hospital, Lucca, Italy;
4 STD Center, Department of Dermatology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy;
5 Infectious Diseases Unit, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the demographic, behavioral and clinical features associated with newly diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among attendees from four STI Clinics during 2011 in Tuscany, Central Italy.
METHODS: Electronic and non-electronic medical records of attendees were reviewed to collect socio-demographical and anamnestic characteristics of patients, and to assess the annual incidence and distribution of STIs.
RESULTS: The study included 1293 subjects, for a total number of 1394 newly diagnosed STIs. The male/female ratio was about 2:1, and Italian nationality accounted for 84.1% of the sample. MSM represented the 25.9% of the male population. Condom use was very poor in the large majority of our sample. Genital warts and non-gonococcal cervicitis and urethritis were the most frequent STIs. Anamnestic STIs were recorded in 350 subjects. When stratified for sexual preference, men who have sex with men were found at four to ten fold increased risk for syphilis, gonorrhoeae and HIV infection. New diagnoses of syphilis, gonorrhoea, urethritis and molluscum were strictly associated with infections by the same pathogens in the past (re-infections).
CONCLUSIONS: Results show that STIs in Tuscany involve a mixed young to adult population, composed by both heterosexual and homosexual subjects who practice unprotected sex and do not seem to be conscious of the associated risks, as demonstrated by the high rates of coinfections and reinfections. These findings reinforce the need for greater education and prevention efforts for HIV and other STIs among the Tuscan population.