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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2014 April;149(2):167-75

language: English

Atherosclerosis, some serum inflammatory markers in psoriasis

Alpsoy S. 1, Akyuz A. 1, Erfan G. 2, Akkoyun D. C. 1, Topcu B. 3, Guzel S. 4, Kaya S. 2, Kulac M. 2

1 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey;
2 Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey;
3 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey;
4 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey


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AIM: Psoriasis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which is associated with increased inflammatory markers and atherosclerosis. We wanted to investigate whether there is a relationship between some inflammatory markers and subclinical atherosclerosis markers.
METHODS: We studied 60 psoriasis patients and 50 healthy controls. Demographic, biochemical parameters, C3, C4, d-dimer, CRP, fibrinogen and YKL-40 (human cartilage glycoprotein-39) levels were measured. After measuring carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and aortic elasticity parameters such as aortic strain, (beta) stiffness index and compliance, statistical comparisons were done.
RESULTS: Patients with psoriasis had significantly higher diastolic blood pressure, CRP, fibrinogen, C3, uric acid levels, β-stiffness index, and cIMT values than the control group. cIMT was correlated with CRP, YKL-40 and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score (r=0.219, P=0.038; r=0.225, P=0.033 and r=0.275, P=0.034). Aortic strain (%), aortic compliance and aortic stiffness index were correlated with C3 (r=-0.349, r=-0.526 and r=0.235) and fibrinogen (r=-0.354, r=-0.275 and r=0.289), all P values <0.05, but not with PASI score. The presence of psoriasis was related to aortic strain (β±SE: -2.055±0.861, P=0.019) and β-stiffness index (β±SE: 2.934±1.143, P=0.012).
CONCLUSION: Serum C3, CRP, fibrinogen and YKL-40 levels are elevated as well as increased cIMT and impaired aortic elasticity in psoriasis. CRP, YKL-40 and PASI score are correlated with cIMT. Increased serum C3 and fibrinogen levels correlate negatively with aortic strain and aortic compliance, and correlate positively with the β-stiffness index.

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serefalpsoy@hotmail.com