Total amount: € 0,00
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Online ISSN 1827-1820
MYCOLOGY: AN UPDATE
Atzori L., Pau M., Aste N.
Dermatology Departments Cagliari University, Cagliari, Italy
Although usually simple, the diagnosis of dermatophyte infection is sometimes neglected. Variations in clinical presentation (tinea atypica), mimicking other skin diseases depend on many factors, partially due to the dermatophyte’s characteristics, and a combination of patient’s pathological but often physiological conditions, such as excessive washing or sun exposure. The physician’s misdiagnosis and eventual prescription of steroids or other incongruous treatments further induce pathomorphosis (tinea incognito), longstanding disease and delayed recovery. This review describes the morphology of some atypical dermatophyte infections, in an attempt to compare and correlate changes to the normal features of the disease by site of involvement. The risk factors and predisposing conditions are also analysed to provide a reasoned interpretation of morphology and therefore evoke the diagnostic suspect in atypical cases. Periodical training is the clue to improve dermatologist expertise in what is the first-sight ability to make a diagnosis, perform the correct assessments and consequent therapy in daily practice.