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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2012 February;147(1):71-81

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Atopic dermatitis (AD) management in an Italian pediatric clinic

Ruggiero G. 1, Gelmetti C. 2, Adamo M. C. 3, Baldessarri D. 3, Bonfanti R. 3, Brero P. 3, Calzaretti R. 3, Candelori G. 3, Danesi R. 3, D’Amanti V. 3, Golinelli L. 3, Guttuso D. 3, La Vecchia di Tocco A. 3, Sapia M. G. 3, Sarra E. 3, Zinna M. 3, Ferrara M. 4, Russomando M. 4, Mele G. 5

1 Family Pediatrician, National Coordinator, Dermatology Network, Italian Federation of Pediatricians (FIMP) 2 Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Dermatological Sciences, University of Milan IRCCS Cà Granda, Maggiore Policlinico Hospital, Milan, Italy; 3 Regional Coordinator, Dermatological Network; 4 Private Pratictioner; 5 Italian Federation of Pediatricians (FIMP), Salerno, Italy


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Aim. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry skin and variable pruritus sometimes associated with allergic disease in other organs as asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis. AD affects deeply the Quality of Life, thus can be extremely disabling and may cause psychological problems for both affected children and their families.
Methods. In order to investigate the estimated prevalence of the disease and the beliefs of the Italian pediatricians, a group of 437 Italian family pediatricians covering a population of almost 380000 children participated in a study based on a questionnaire of 38 items.
Results. According to answers of the participants, the incidence of AD has been estimated around 10% of the population and food allergy is believed to be the trigger of the acute phase of the disease in infants. As a second opinion, dermatologists are consulted more frequently than allergologists. Conclusion. The use of emollients is advised in general whilst topical corticosteroids treatment is prescribed only in selected cases; more than 50% of pediatricians do not prescribe topical calcineurin inhibitors.

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carlo.gelmetti@unimi.it