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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2005 December;140(6):703-12

Copyright © 2005 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Update on allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics

Andersen K. E. 1, 2, Jensen C. D. 1, 2, Paulsen E. 1, 2

1 Department of Dermatology Odense University Hospital University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark 2 National Allergy Research Centre, Gentofte, Denmark


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Cosmetic products are common causes of allergic contact dermatitis. Moisturizers account for most cases, while fragrances and preservatives are the most common allergenic ingredients. The 7th amendment to the European Cosmetics Directive introduces new labelling requirements on the products for 26 fragrance allergens, allowing sensitized individuals to avoid the relevant allergenic compound. The 7th amendment also includes restrictions on the use of substances classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction, new guidelines on the labelling of product durability, and restrictions on animal testing. This review also presents updates on fragrance allergy, including the introduction of the new fragrance mix for the screening of fragrance allergy, allergy to the preservative methyldibromo glutaronitrile and hair dye contact allergy. Further, more uncommon but nevertheless significant allergic reactions to cosmetic ingredients like surfactants, emulsifiers and herbal extracts will be briefly reviewed.

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