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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2005 October;140(5):561-8

language: English

Therapeutic uses of botulinum toxin

Roy C. 1, Sadick N. S. 2

1 Department of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City, NY, USA
2 Unit of Dermatology, Cornell University Medical College New York City, NY, USA


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Botulinum toxin is a powerful medication that has been used to treat various conditions in humans for over 2 decades. In the last few years, there has been an explosion in the use of this medication for cosmetic purposes. Botulinum toxin treatments have become on of the most common non-surgical procedures performed by dermatologists and plastic surgeons. Dynamic rhytides of the upper, middle and lower face and neck have been treated successfully with botulinum toxin. Treatment of hyperhidrosis of the axillae, hands and feet has also become established. Botulinum toxin may be employed as the primary method of facial rejuvenation or can be an adjunct to other surgical and non-surgical modalities. Millions have benefited from the therapeutic effects of botulinum toxin, with very few patients experiencing adverse effects. In this paper will review the mechanism of action, therapeutic uses and possible complications of botulinum toxin therapy.

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