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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Online ISSN 1827-1820
Kosmadaki M. G., Eller M. S., Gilchrest B. A.
Department of Dermatology Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
This review discusses the role of p53 in melanogenesis. The production of melanin increases when human skin is exposed to UV irradiation and the resulting tan is photoprotective against further UV damage. This protective response of human skin to UV irradiation is stimulated by DNA damage and/or its repair. In addition to UV irradiation, small DNA oligonucleotides such as thymidine dinucleotides induce melanogenesis in a p53-dependent manner. p53 mediates, at least in part, the melanogenesis response and has a general role in rendering skin more resistant to subsequent UV irradiation.